Present Tense

 Present Tense and Formation 

Present tense is the sentence in grammatical form to indicate the actions of present time. We should also know how to use the present tense in sentence. You can get those in the chapter uses of present tense.

Now we shall see the formation of present tense.

Formation of sentences in present tense

Formation of sentences in present is given below.

Keep in mind that to learn tenses, it is most necessary to know the forms of verbs.

In the formation of present tense, base form of verb is used-

  • for first person- singular and plural number that is for ‘I’ and ‘we’
  • base form for second person singular as well as plural number that is ‘you’
  • for third person plural number that is ‘they’

Formation is-

  • Subject + main verb + object

Let’ have a look-

  • I write a letter.
  • We write a letter.
  • You write a letter.
  • They write a letter.

For third person, singular numbered noun that is ‘he’, ‘she’ and ‘it’. s/ es is added to the base form of verb.

Formation is-

  • Subject + main verb with s/ es + object

Let’ have a look-

The same example is taken here to understand better.

  • He writes a letter.
  • She writes a letter.
  • It writes a letter.

For all three persons- am/ is/ are + present participle ( ing form of verb)

Let’s have a look-

  • I am driving a car.
  • We are driving a car.
  • He is driving a car.
  • She is driving a car.

For first and second person- have + past participle of verb

  • I have driven a car.
  • You have driven a car.

For third person- has + past participle of the verb

  • He has driven a car.

For first and second person- have + been+ past participle of verb

  • You have been driving a car.

For third person- has + been+ past participle of the verb

  • She has been driving a car.

 

Negative sentences

In negative sentences of present time, the formation of sentence

  • for first person singular and plural number
  • second person singular and plural number
  • third person singular and plural numbered noun is-

 

Subject + auxiliary verb + not + main verb + object

                There are four types of present tense

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