Plural Formation of Noun

 

 

 1)  Plural formation of a noun generally is made by adding ‘s’ to the singular.

Examples-

       Cat, cats; pencil, pencils

       Day, days; desk, desks

 

2) Plural formation of a noun ending in y following a consonant is made by

changing y into ies

Examples-

      City, cities; country, countries;

       Fly, flies; pony, ponies

 

3) Plural formation of noun ending in ch, sh, ss or x is made by adding es.

Examples-

       Church, churches; match, matches

       Dish, dishes; brush, brushes;

       Class, classes; glass, glasses;

       Tax, taxes; box, boxes.

 

4) Plural formation of most nouns ending in o also is made by adding es.

Examples-

      Buffalo, buffaloes; hero, heroes

      Tomato, tomatoes;  potato, potatoes.

 

5) But plural formation of foreign origin or abbreviation ending in o is made by adding only s.

Examples-

       Kilo, kilos; photo, photos

       Ratio, ratios;  solo, solos.

 

 6) Plural formation of nouns ending in f or fe is made by adding ves.

Examples-

      Shelf, shelves; loaf, loaves;

      Thief, thieves; wife, wives;

But there are some exceptional nouns which are made by adding only s.

Examples-

     Handkerchief, handkerchiefs; dwarf, dwarfs;

     Safe, safes;  strife, strifes.

 

7) Plural formation of a few nouns is made by adding en.

Examples-  

      Child, children; ox, oxen.

 

Go over-

Exceptions of Plural formation Number

 

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