Domestic animals are animals that human keeps for work, as a food source, or as a pet. These live with humans for many years, and we don’t consider those wild. There are so many animals that humans keep as their pets. Humans of the Neolithic age started to domesticate those for agricultural purposes. They came to know the benefits of rearing some animals. First, they started to breed goats. After getting the benefits of breeding goats, they started to breed sheep, cattle, and pigs. And thus, the list of domestic animals increased.
Humans breed domesticated animals for-
- economic profit
- agricultural yield (their dung is used as fertilizer)
- agricultural work
- carry loads
Domestic Animals- Camel, Cat, Cow, and Dog
Here is some information about camels, cats, cows, and dogs. Have a look-
Humans domesticate a camel mostly as a work animal. It is also useful for the production of milk, meat, and leather. Camel is a large animal found in mostly desert regions where food and water are scarce, and temperature rapidly changes from hot days to cooler nights. It has adapted the life in the desert, has a long neck, and it can have one or two humps on its back. It uses its hump to store food, its muscles, and its stomach to store water. It can close its nostrils to stop the sand from blowing in. Due to its storage capacity, it can stay for a long time without food or water. It is used for carrying goods in desert regions. So camel is called a ship of the desert.
It is a nocturnal, carnivorous, and small furry domestic animal. It looks like a small tiger hence we also call it the aunt of the tiger. Humans came to know that to get rid of rats and mice, domestication of a cat is helpful, so it is kept in the house to catch rats, but people often keep it as a pet. Its legs are very strong and flexible, which helps it to jump high or climb up fast. It has a unique ability to reduce the speed of its fall while falling with the help of its tail.
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This is a female of the ox family. In older days, humans were using cows to pull carts and plow fields. But nowadays, those humans rear cows for milk production. Farmers keep it as a domestic animal for the production of milk, cheese, curd, and butter.
It is the first domesticated animal. It looks like the wolf. This is a common four-legged animal. Like the wolf, the dog has a smaller brain, short jaws, and submissive behavior. Due to the similarity between humans’ and dogs’ social behavior, humans could easily domesticate dogs. Usually, people keep this pet to guard the house, and some keep it as a hobby or attraction. Farmers use this animal for guarding farms as well as keeping an eye on their cattle.
These are some of the domesticated animals. You can get more domesticate animals in the next chapter.