Active and Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice – The Forms of Sentences

Active Voice and Passive Voice are the forms of sentences. We can write these for same meaning. 

Voice is a form of verb showing whether subject acts or has acted to it that is sentences are in either active or passive voice.

Here, we shall see the forms of sentences in the manner of-

  • characteristics
  • pattern
  • example with explanation

 Active Voice

In active form, subject acts.


We can define this as-

Active voice is a sentence in which verb shows that subject does an action. 

Characteristics of active voice

We shall see the characteristics of this form.

In active voice-

  • The subject of sentence in active form is at the starting of the sentence.
  • Subject is followed by the form of ‘to be’, verb and object.
  • We can say that verb is in the Active Voice.
  • An active voice tells clearly about the action who has done it.

Pattern of sentence

Pattern of sentence in this voice is-

  • Subject+ Verb+ Object

Example with explanation

Here are some example with explanation –

  • My son has built a website.

In above sentence, we have a subject (my son), a verb (has built) and the object of the verb (website).

Passive voice

In passive voice, action is done.


We define this form as-

Passive voice is the sentence in which the form of verb shows that an action is done to the subject.

Characteristics of passive voice

The Characteristics of this form are-

  • When we change the sentence from active to passive voice, the object becomes the subject.
  • We can use sentences with only transitive verbs in passive voice that is we can change the sentences having object into this voice.
  • This form may or may not tell clearly about the action who has done it.
  • To make clear the action who has done it we should add ‘by’

Pattern of sentence 

Pattern of sentence in this voice-

Example with explanation

  • A website has been built.


  • A website has been built by my son.

In above sentence, we have-

  • direct object of the verb (a website)
  • the verb is in passive form (has been built)
  • Subject is missing but we can add ‘by’ and make the subject clear.

We can have passive and active form of following tenses with examples of three persons to understand easily.

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