Auxiliary Verbs

What are Auxiliary Verbs?

Auxiliary verbs are the verbs which follow another verbs in sentences. These verbs help other verbs. So, we can also call them as helping verbs.

The most common auxiliary verbs are-

  • have
  • be
  • do

Functions of Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary verb performs its function in a sentence.

It-

  • emphasize a sentence
  • shows a tense of sentence whether it is present, past or future
  • shows voice whether it is active or passive
  • asks a question
  • form a negative sentence

In this chapter, we shall get about be. For auxiliary verbs have and do, read chapters-

Auxiliary verb- be

We can use be as main verb in a sentence. For this, you can refer chapter about ‘be’ as main verb. We can also use be to make passives.

In this chapter, we shall see the use of auxiliary verb ‘be’ in a sentence.

The forms of be are- am, is are, was and were. We should use verbs according to subjects. That is, we use-

  • am with only I in present tense.
  • is with he, she, it or any subject of third person, singular number in present tense.
  • are with we, you, they or any plural noun in present tense.
  • was with I, he, she, it or any singular noun in a sentence in past tense.
  • were with we, you, they or any plural noun in a sentence in past tense.

Examples with auxiliary verbs

We shall see how we can use the forms of be in statements, questions, negatives and in passives.

Have a look-

 Statements

When we form statement with an auxiliary verb, we use them according to the subject of a sentence. We use form of main verb according to voice of a sentence.

Have a look-

  • I am going to school.
  • We are bored of this channel.
  • He is watching a movie.
  • It is playing with a ball.
  • You are showing me a picture that I gave you.
  • They are searching something on Google.
  • I was very tired.
  • You were speaking him.
  • He was drawing a picture with oil paints.
  • They were angry with him.

 Questions

When we form question with an auxiliary verb, we should place auxiliary verb at the starting of a sentence.

Have a look-

  • Am I going to school?
  • Are we bored of this channel?
  • Is he watching a movie?
  • Is it playing with a ball?
  • Are you showing me a picture that I gave you?
  • Are they searching something on Google?
  • Was I very tired?
  • Were you speaking him?
  • Was he drawing a picture with oil paints?
  • Were they angry with him?

 Negative Sentences

These sentences are statements but we have to add negative sense.

So, when we form negative sentence, we should use not with the auxiliary verb.

Have a look-

  • I am not going to school.
  • We are not bored of this channel.
  • He is not watching a movie.
  • It is not playing with a ball.
  • You are not showing me a picture that I gave you.
  • They are not searching something on Google.
  • I was not very tired.
  • You were not speaking him.
  • He was not drawing a picture with oil paints.
  • They were not angry with him.

Switch from auxiliary verbs to Grammar lessons.