Two numbers in Grammar- Singular and Plural
Number in Grammar is also called grammatical number.
Number expresses count distinctions.
- Noun expressing single person or thing is called Singular Number.
- Noun expressing more than one thing or person is called Plural Number
Examples of Singular Number-
In our daily life we refer nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs.
Sometimes we refer those as a single.
Some of nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs are given here as the examples of singular number.
- Noun– boy, cat, girl, woman, notebook
- Pronoun– I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it,
- Adjective– my, your, his, her, its
- Verb– am, is, was, has
Examples of Plural Number-
Some times we refer more than one noun, pronoun, adjective or verb to express.
Some examples of plural number are given here.
- Noun– boys, cats, girls, women, notebooks
- Pronoun– we, us, you, they, them
- Adjective– our, your, their
- Verb– are, were, have
Singular and Plural Forms
Sometimes singular and plural forms are identical but sometimes those are different with each other.
Let’s see how they are different with each other-
- Sometimes both the forms are identical.
Sometimes plural forms are made by-
- the most common way, that is by adding ‘s’ to the singular form.
- adding ‘s’ to the words which end in ‘oo’
- adding ‘s’ to the words which end in ‘y’ having the vowel before it.
- adding ‘es’ to the words which end in ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘o’ or ‘x’
- adding ‘es’ to the words which end in ‘y’ having the consonant before it changing ‘y’ into ‘i’
- the vowel sound between two consonants is changed
- the vowel sound between two consonants is changed with its last consonant
- ending letters ‘f’ or ‘fe’ is changed to ‘v’ with ‘es’
- exceptions for ‘f’ or ‘fe’
- adding ‘en’ or ‘ren’
- with no singular
- with no plural
- changing first part, second part or both parts in compound words
We shall take those in tabular form showing the singular number, plural number and procedure to form plural number of a singular one.