Two Numbers in Grammar- Singular and Plural
Number is a grammatical category. Numbers express count distinctions.
In Grammar , number is also called grammatical number.
- We call noun singular number when it expresses single person or thing.
- We call noun plural number when it expresses more than one thing or person.
Examples of Singular Number-
In our daily life we refer nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs.
Sometimes we refer those as a single.
Here are some nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs as the examples of singular form.
- Noun– boy, cat, girl, woman, notebook
- Pronoun– I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it,
- Adjective– my, your, his, her, its
- Verb– am, is, was, has
Examples of Plural Number-
Sometimes we refer more than one noun, pronoun, adjective or verb to express.
Here are some examples of plural form
- Noun– boys, cats, girls, women, notebooks
- Pronoun– we, us, you, they, them
- Adjective– our, your, their
- Verb– are, were, have
Singular and Plural Forms
Sometimes singular and plural forms are identical but sometimes those are different with each other.
Let’s see how they are different with each other-
- Sometimes both the forms are identical.
Sometimes we can make plural forms by-
- the most common way, that is by adding ‘s’ to the singular form.
- adding ‘s’ to the words which end in ‘oo’
- adding ‘es’ to the words which end in ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘o’ or ‘x’
- adding ‘s’ to the words which end in ‘y’ having the vowel before it.
- adding ‘es’ to the words which end in ‘y’ having the consonant before it changing ‘y’ into ‘i’
- the vowel sound between two consonants is changed
- the vowel sound between two consonants is changed with its last consonant
- ending letters ‘f’ or ‘fe’ is changed to ‘v’ with ‘es’
- exceptions for ‘f’ or ‘fe’
- adding ‘en’ or ‘ren’
- with no singular
- with no plural
- changing first part, second part or both parts in compound words
We shall take those in tabular form showing the singular form, plural form and procedure to form plural number of a singular one.