This, That, These and Those

This, That, These and Those- Demonstratives

 

This‘, ‘that‘, ‘these‘ and ‘those‘ are demonstratives.

This, that, these and those are used to tell the distance between speaker and noun.

This and that are used to point singular number and these and those are used to point plural number.

This and these are used to tell about something near to speaker.

That and those are used to tell about something far from speaker.

Thisthatthese and those are used as-

  • Demonstrative Pronouns
  • Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative Pronouns

 

We use thisthatthese and those as demonstrative pronouns.

As demonstrative pronouns, ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘these’ and ‘those’  stand on their own.

We use this for singular noun and these for plural noun to tell about something which is nearby to speaker.

Here are some examples-

  • This is my house.
  • This my child.
  • This is a great time.
  • Look at this notebook.
  • Is this your pen?
  • These are my pens.
  • These are my children.
  • Look at these pictures.
  • Watch these activities.

We use that for singular noun and those for plural noun to tell about something which is far from speaker.

Here are some examples

  • That is my house.
  • That is his bag.
  • Observe that with concentration.
  • That was a great time.
  • Is that your bag?
  • Those are their papers.

Demonstrative Adjectives

We use thisthatthese and those as demonstrative adjectives.

Demonstrative adjectives ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘these’, ‘those’ denote particular person or thing.

Demonstrative adjectives are used with noun.

We use this for singular noun and these for plural noun to tell about something which is nearby to speaker.

  • This boy is very smart.
  • This table is made of wood.
  • These chairs have table.
  • These belts are with clips.

We use that for singular noun and those for plural noun to tell about something which is far from speaker.

Here are some examples

  • Put on that shirt.
  • Show me that curtain.
  • That guy works in municipality office.
  • Those children are playing in the ground.

Difference between demonstrative pronoun and demonstrative adjective

The same words this, that, these, those are used as demonstrative pronouns and demonstrative adjectives.

The best way to know the difference is that demonstrative pronouns are used before verbs and demonstrative adjectives are always used before noun.

Examples-

  • This is special. (Demonstrative Pronoun+ Verb)
  • This book is special.(Demonstrative Adjective+ Noun)
  • These are new.
  • These things are new.
  • That is black.
  • That cloth is black.
  • Those were awesome.
  • Those clothes were awesome.

You can get more information about this, that, these, those in the chapter 

Demonstrative Adjectives

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