This, That, These and Those

This, That, These and Those- Demonstratives

This, that, these and those are demonstratives.

We use these demonstratives to tell the distance between speaker and noun.

‘This’ and ‘that’ are used to point singular number and ‘these’ and ‘those’ are used to point plural number.

This and these are used to tell about something near to speaker.

That and those are used to tell about something far from speaker.

We use demonstratives as-

  • Demonstrative Pronouns
  • Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative Pronouns

We use this, that, these and those as demonstrative pronouns.

Demonstrative pronouns, ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘these’ and ‘those’ stand on their own.

We use ‘this’ for singular noun and ‘these’ for plural noun to tell about something which is nearby to speaker.

Here are some examples-

  • This is my house.
  • This my child.
  • This is a great time.
  • Look at this notebook.
  • Is this your pen?
  • These are my pens.
  • These are my children.
  • Look at these pictures.
  • Watch these activities.

We use ‘that’ for singular noun and ‘those’ for plural noun to tell about something which is far from speaker.

Here are some examples

  • That is my house.
  • That is his bag.
  • Observe that with concentration.
  • That was a great time.
  • Is that your bag?
  • Those are their papers.

Demonstrative Adjectives

We can use these as demonstrative adjectives also.

Demonstrative adjectives ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘these’, ‘those’ denote particular person or thing.

Demonstrative adjectives are used with noun.

We use ‘this’ for singular noun and ‘these’ for plural noun to tell about something which is nearby to speaker.

  • This boy is very smart.
  • This table is made of wood.
  • These chairs have matching coloured table.
  • These belts are with clips.

We use ‘that’ for singular noun and ‘those’ for plural noun to tell about something which is far from speaker.

Here are some examples

  • Put on that shirt.
  • Show me that curtain.
  • That guy works in municipality office.
  • Those children are playing in the ground.

Difference between demonstrative pronoun and demonstrative adjective

The same words ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘these’, ‘those’ are used as demonstrative pronouns and demonstrative adjectives.

The best way to know the difference is- demonstrative pronouns are used before verbs and demonstrative adjectives are always used before noun.

Examples-

  • This is special. (Demonstrative Pronoun+ Verb)
  • This book is special.(Demonstrative Adjective+ Noun)
  • These are new.
  • These things are new.
  • That is black.
  • That cloth is black.
  • Those were awesome.
  • Those clothes were awesome.

You can get more information about demonstratives in the chapter 

Demonstrative Adjectives.

Share if you like