Passive Voice of Perfect Present Tense

The passive voice of perfect present tense

The passive voice of the perfect present tense shows the action is done on object. We should use ‘have/has’ and past participle of verb during interchanging the active sentence into a passive voice of perfect present tense.

We shall see examples of perfect present tense. Both of these sentences are in an active voice.

  • I have typed a letter.
  • They have cleaned the floor.

In the perfect present tense, we should use the form of have according to the person. It means if the subject of the sentence is first or second person, use have and for the third person with singular number use ‘has’.

Now we shall see the formation.

Formation of active voice and passive voice in the perfect present tense

Active voice

The formation of a sentence in perfect present tense active is-

Subject + have + past participle of verb + object

Passive voice

The formation of passive voice in perfect present tense passive is-

Object + have + been + past participle of verb + by + subject

Now we have to change the active sentence into passive. Let’s see how to change.

In the sentence-

  • I have typed a letter.

Formation is-

‘I’ subject + have + past participle of ‘type’ + object ‘a letter’

Now we have to change the sentence into a passive voice.

According to the formation given above, we can write the passive voice of the above sentence as;

  • A letter has been typed by me.

‘A letter’ object + has + been + past participle of ‘type’ + by + me

Examples of passive voice with three persons

Let’s take an example with three persons of singular as well as a plural number in tabular form.

Have a look-

   
1st person - IActive VoiceI have finished the work.
Passive VoiceThe work has been finished by me.
WeActive VoiceWe have finished the work.
Passive VoiceThe work has been finished by us.
2nd person - YouActive VoiceYou have finished the work.
Passive VoiceThe work has been finished by you.
YouActive VoiceYou have finished the work
Passive VoiceThe work has been finished by you.
3rd person - HeActive VoiceHe has finished the work.
Passive VoiceThe work has been finished by him.
SheActive VoiceShe has finished the work
Passive VoiceThe work has been finished by her.
TheyActive VoiceThey have finished the work.
Passive VoiceThe work has been finished by them.

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