Present Tense

 Present Tense and Formation 

The Present tense is the sentence in the grammatical form to indicate the actions of the present time. We should also know how to use the present tense in a sentence. You can get those in the chapter uses of the present tense.

Now we shall see the formation of present tense.

Formation of sentences in the present tense

The formation of sentences in present is given below.

Keep in mind that to learn tenses, it is most necessary to know the forms of verbs.

In the formation of the present tense, base form of a verb is used-

Formation is-

  • Subject + main verb + object

Let’ have a look-

  • I write a letter.
  • We write a letter.
  • You write a letter.
  • They write a letter.

For the third person, singular numbered noun that is ‘he’, ‘she’ and ‘it’. s/ es is added to the base form of a verb.

Formation is-

  • Subject + main verb with s/ es + object

Let’ have a look-

The same example is taken here to understand better.

  • He writes a letter.
  • She writes a letter.
  • It writes a letter.

For all three persons- am/ is/ are + present participle ( ing form of verb)

Let’s have a look-

  • I am driving the car.
  • We are driving a car.
  • He is driving a car.
  • She is driving a car.

For the first and second person- have + past participle of a verb

  • I have driven a car.
  • You have driven a car.

For the third person- has + past participle of the verb

  • He has driven a car.

For the first and second person- have + been+ past participle of a verb

  • You have been driving a car.

For the third person- has + been+ past participle of the verb

  • She has been driving a car.

Negative sentences

In negative sentences of the present time, the formation of sentence

  • for a first-person singular and plural number
  • a second-person singular and plural number
  • a third-person singular and plural numbered noun is-

Subject + auxiliary verb + not + main verb + object

                There are four types of present tense

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