Relative Pronoun Replaces the Noun
The relative pronoun tells the relation with a noun that used previously. We can use relative pronouns to join two sentences. This pronoun replaces the noun of the previous sentence. This describes a person, thing, or place. The word which replaces the noun in the next sentence giving relation to a noun in previous is a relative pronoun.
Common Relative Pronouns
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How to Use Relative Pronoun
We can use ‘who’ when we speak about people. Here are some examples.
- I met a scientist who invented that device.
In the above sentence, we used the pronoun ‘who’ to relate with the noun ‘scientist’.
- This is a lady who works hard.
- A student who is an orphan lives in an orphanage.
Like ‘who’, we can also use ‘whom’ when we speak about people. We use ‘whom’ in a formal style. Mostly we use ‘whom’ in writing when a person is an object of the verb.
Here are some examples.
- The doctor whom I have consulted is very caring.
- She is an actress whom he married last year.
- The students, five of whom are absent.
Whom with preposition
The most common use of ‘whom’ is with a preposition.
- Every film director rejected that horror story to whom he approached.
- She became happy as she met her friend with whom she had learnt.
We use ‘whose’ to speak about people but instead of his, her or their.
- He saw the child whose bag was open.
- The girl, whose brother is an actor, started working in cinemas.
- She completed the homework that was given by her teacher.
- I don’t know what happened there.
We use ‘which’ when we speak about things.
- He has acquired land which he had lost.
In the above sentence, ‘which’ is related to ‘land’.
- This is the program that I asked you to watch.
In the above sentence, ‘that’ is related to ‘program’.
- The clothes that he bought for his brother are of a new design.
- The degree course of technology that he chose, will make him very happy to work.
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