Relative Pronoun

Relative Pronoun Replaces the Noun

The relative pronoun tells the relation with a noun that used previously. We can use relative pronouns to join two sentences. This pronoun replaces the noun of the previous sentenceThis describes a person, thing, or place. The word which replaces the noun in the next sentence giving relation to a noun in previous is a relative pronoun.

Common Relative Pronouns

There are some common relative pronouns that we use in our everyday life.

Have a look-


• Whom



• Which

• That

• Whoever

• Whomever

• Whichever

How to Use Relative Pronoun

Who –

We can use ‘who’ when we speak about people. Here are some examples.

  • I met a scientist who invented that device.

In the above sentence, we used the pronoun ‘who’ to relate with the noun ‘scientist’.

  • This is a lady who works hard.
  • A student who is an orphan lives in an orphanage.

Whom –

 Like ‘who’, we can also use ‘whom’ when we speak about people. We use ‘whom’ in a formal style. Mostly we use ‘whom’ in writing when a person is an object of the verb.

Here are some examples.

  • The doctor whom I have consulted is very caring.

In the above sentence, we used ‘whom’ to relate with ‘doctor’ and it is the object of the verb ‘consulted’.

  • She is an actress whom he married last year.
  • The students, five of whom are absent.

Whom with preposition

The most common use of ‘whom’ is with a preposition.

  • Every film director rejected that horror story to whom he approached.
  • She became happy as she met her friend with whom she had learnt.

Whose –

We use ‘whose’ to speak about people but instead of his, her or their.

  • He saw the child whose bag was open.
  • The girl, whose brother is an actor, started working in cinemas.

What –

  • She completed the homework that was given by her teacher.
  • I don’t know what happened there.

Which –

We use ‘which’ when we speak about things.

  • He has acquired land which he had lost.

In the above sentence, ‘which’ is related to ‘land’.

  • I often visit the zoo which is in Mumbai.
  • He has watched your video which is uploaded on Youtube.


  • This is the program that I asked you to watch.

In the above sentence, ‘that’ is related to ‘program’.

  • The clothes that he bought for his brother are of a new design.
  • The degree course of technology that he chose, will make him very happy to work.

You may also like the related links –  

•   Personal  Pronouns

•   Possessive Pronouns

•  Reflexive  Pronouns

•  Emphatic Pronouns

•  Interrogative Pronouns

•  Demonstrative Pronouns

•  Indefinite Pronouns

•  Distributive Pronouns